Islamic Concept in the Architecture of the Saoraja Lapinceng Traditional House
Keywords:Islamic Architecture, Saoraja Lapinceng, Traditional House, Balusu Kingdom
The historic house of Saoraja Lapinceng was created in 1879 by Andi Muhammad Saleh Daeng Parani Arung Balusu, often known as King Balusu. When Saoraja Lapinceng was established, the building collapsed, shattering glassware such as plates and other kitchenware (in the Bugis language, pinceng means glass). Thus, it was given the name Soraja Lapinceng. The components of a traditional Soraja Lapinceng home are separated into three sections: rakkeang, ale bole, and awa bola. This research seeks to elucidate the relationship between Islam and the Barru community in the architecture of the traditional Saoraja Lapinceng house. Qualitative information derived from field and library studies The researchers employed historical, archeological, social anthropological, and architectural methods to address these issues. Observation, in-depth interviews with homeowners, community leaders, and the community surrounding the traditional house, as well as the collection of papers and audio recordings, were the data gathering techniques utilized in this study. The results of the study indicate that the concept of Islam in the architecture of the traditional Saoraja Lapinceng house is reflected in the orientation of family furniture, particularly the bed, towards the Qibla. The bedrooms for children and parents are divided, and the bedrooms for boys and girls are also segregated. The water barrel is positioned adjacent to the site's entrance stairs so that those who wish to enter the residence can do so with clean feet. According to Islamic teachings, the home must be clean, and the water barrel is used to collect water for ablution. In accordance with Islamic principles, the toilet cannot face the Qibla. This conforms to the notion of including toilets in the spatial layout of a typical Saorja Lapinceng home. The goal of this study is for individuals to apply the ideals and values of Saoraja Lapinceng traditional house building to the contemporary period.
Benkari, N. (2021). the Formation and Influence of the Military Architecture in Oman During Al-Ya’Ariba Period (1034-1162 Ah/1624–1749 Ad). Journal of Islamic Architecture, 6(4), 217–228. https://doi.org/10.18860/jia.v6i4.12104
Creanza, N., Kolodny, O., & Feldman, M. W. (2017). Cultural evolutionary theory: How culture evolves and why it matters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 114(30), 7782–7789. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1620732114
Ettehad, S., reza Karimi azeri, A., & Kari, G. (2014). The Role of Culture in Promoting Architectural Identity The design of the childrens’ specialist health center View project. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences, 3(4). www.european-science.com
Haji, I., Cuypers, S. E., & Joye, Y. (2013). Architecture, Ethical Perception, and Educating for Moral Responsibility. The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 47(3), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.5406/jaesteduc.47.3.0001
Hamouche, M. B.-. (2012). Islamization of Contemporary Architecture: Shifting the Paradigm of Islamic Architecture. Journal of Islamic Architecture, 1(2), 70–86. https://doi.org/10.18860/jia.v1i2.1720
Joshanloo, M., Jovanović, V., & Taylor, T. (2019). A multidimensional understanding of prosperity and well-being at country level: Data-driven explorations. PLoS ONE, 14(10), 1–31. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223221
Kana’an, R. (2008). Architectural Decoration in Islam: History and Techniques. Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicine in Non-Western Cultures, 187–199. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-4425-0_8634
Kementerian Agama RI. (2019). Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya. Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur’an Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI. https://lajnah.kemenag.go.id/unduhan/category/3-terjemah-al-qur-an-tahun-2019
Kranggan, K., Ali, A., Rukayah, R. S., Sardjono, A. B., & Juwono, S. (2022). Imah Panggung , Babaritan Tradition and The Spirit of The Space of. Journal of Architectural Design and Urbanism, 4(2), 97–105. https://doi.org/10.14710/jadu.v4i2.13086
Mahudin, N. D. M., Noor, N. M., Dzulkifli, M. A., & Janon, N. S. (2016). Religiosity among Muslims: A Scale Development and Validation Study. Makara Human Behavior Studies in Asia, 20(2), 109. https://doi.org/10.7454/mssh.v20i2.3492
Morsi, A. A. E. (2021). Profitable urban public spaces significant role in building safer and more sustainable societies “ Cairo as a promising Case “. Journal of Architecture,Arts And Humanistic Science, January. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348688147_Journal_of_ArchitectureArts_And_Humanistic_science
Mostafa, I., & Demery, E. (2010). Sustainable Architectural Design : Reviving Traditional Design and Adapting Modern Solutions. International Journal of Architectural Research, 4(1), 99–111. https://doi.org/10.26687/archnet-ijar.v4i1.65
Muin, M., Ridha, R., & Najamuddin, N. (2021). Peran KH Abdurrahman Ambo Dalle pada Pesantren Darud Da’wah Wal Irsyad Mangkoso di Barru, 1938-1949. Attoriolong, 19(1), 55–67. https://ojs.unm.ac.id/Attoriolong/article/view/20599
Mutmainnah, M. (2013). The Influences of Islamic Values on The Architecture of Saoraja Traditional Houses in Sidenreng Rappang Regency–South Sulawesi. JICSA (Journal of Islamic Civilization …, 02(02), 314–341. https://journal3.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/jicsa/article/view/771%0Ahttps://journal3.uin-alauddin.ac.id/index.php/jicsa/article/download/771/743
Purwaningrum, D. A. (2021). INDONESIAN ARCHITECTS AND BEING INDONESIAN: Contemporary Context of Nusantaran Architecture in Architectural Design and Theory (Issue June). The University of Melbourne.
Sardjono, A. B., Hardiman, G., & Prianto, E. (2016). Characteristics of Traditional Houses in the Old Town of Kudus City, Indonesia. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 6(2), 109–118. http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-0216.php?rp=P505081
Sekartajii, D., & Dewancker, B. (2013). Study on Architectural Characteristic and Natural Environment Control System of Japanese Traditional House: Case Study Traditional Houses in Kitakyushu City, Japan. Jurnal Arsitektur, 2(3), 41–48. https://doi.org/10.36448/jaubl.v3i2.31
Song, L. (2022). Panoptic apparatus: a study of the Japanese-built prisons in colonial Taiwan (1895–1945). Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, 21(4), 1244–1261. https://doi.org/10.1080/13467581.2021.1941984
Zhang, D. (2019). Traditional Dwellings Interrogating. Journal of The International Association for The Study of Traditional Environments, XX(1), 15–36.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Susmihara, Nur Fitri Awaliah Nur
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Pappaseng: International Journal of Islamic Literacy and Society agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the Pappaseng right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors can enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or edit it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) before and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.